Religion And Belief

 

 

 

With its many cultures, Vietnam has a variety of religions.  Originally, Vietnam's three main religions were Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism and Confucianism, Buddhism being introduced first.  Although Buddhism and Taoism were popular with the people, Confucianism became the recognized religion.  

 

Buddhism was first introduced to Vietnam in the 2nd century, and reached its peak in the Ly dynasty (11th century). Presently, over 70 percent of the population of Vietnam are either Buddhist or strongly influenced by Buddhist practices.

 

Catholicism was introduced to Vietnam in the 17th century. About 10 percent of the population is considered Catholic.

 

Protestantism was introduced to Vietnam at about the same time as Catholicism. Protestantism, however, remains an obscure religion. At present most Protestants live in the Central Highlands. The number of Protestants living in Vietnam is estimated at 400,000.

 

Islamic followers in Vietnam are primarily from the Cham ethnic minority group living in the central part of the central coast. The number of Islamic followers in Vietnam totals about 50,000.

 

Caodaism was first introduced to the country in 1926. Settlements of the Cao Dai followers in South Vietnam are located near the Church in Tay Ninh. The number of followers of this sect is estimated at 2 million.

 

The Hoa Hao Sect was first introduced to Vietnam in 1939. More than 1 million Vietnamese are followers of this sect. Most of them live in the south-west of Vietnam.

 

Mother Worship (Tho Mau): Researchers describe the Vietnamese mother-worship cult as a primitive religion. The mother worship cult might be originated from the cult of the Goddess in ancient ages. In the Middle Ages, the Mother was worshipped in temples and palaces. Due to the fact that it is a worshipping custom and not a religion, the Mother worshipping cult has not been organised as Buddhism and Catholicism have.

Worship of Ancestor Custom

A very popular belief among Vietnamese is the custom of the ancestor cult. In every household, an ancestor altar is installed in the most solemn location.

 


© 2011 Thai Vision Holidays Vietnam
Unit 12 - No 249A Thuy Khue str., Tay Ho dist., Hanoi, Vietnam